Buffalo & The Lone Ranger

       By Steve Cichon

Excerpt from 100 Years of Buffalo Broadcasting 

“The Lone Ranger,” the first of many national radio serials with a Western flavor, was first broadcast on WXYZ Detroit in 1933, but it was a Buffalo man– who first put the character on the air in Buffalo– who was the creative force behind the program.

Fran Striker grew up in what’s now the Elmwood Village neighborhood, attending Lafayette High School and UB during those post-WWI years when radio grew from fad to part of life.

His radio talents were first put on display as a musician in the earliest days of WGR in 1922, then moving to WEBR as an announcer when that station began broadcasting in 1926. There, as a writer, producer and program director—he was also responsible for selling the programs he wrote and performed in to advertisers.

Frank Striker in 1928

It was on one of those WEBR programs where the character that would become famous as “The Lone Ranger” first appeared. “Covered Wagon Days” ran on WEBR in 1930.

The show was created, according to a 1930 Courier-Express article, after President Hoover authorized the “commemoration of the heroism of the fathers and mothers who traversed the Oregon trail to the Far West.”

“This proclamation,” the brief article continues, “was the inspiration for a new series of programs from the versatile pen of Fran Striker, which he has entitled Covered Wagon Days. One of them is heard from WEBR every Monday night. In them Mr. Striker gives listeners at that time a radio drama version of many of the interesting and exciting happenings which took place in the long and dangerous treks across the plains and mountains.”

When Striker moved to Detroit, the character came with him and became a sensation. For much of the next 20 years, the Buffalo native wrote not only the radio scripts, but the newspaper comics, novels, and more in the voice of the hero who entered on “a fiery horse with the speed of light, a cloud of dust and a hearty Hi-Yo Silver.” 

In 1936, Striker was also a part of the team that created “The Green Hornet” character for a radio serial before that character also branched into comic books and film.

Still writing the daily comic strip, Striker moved back to Buffalo and was working to relaunch The Lone Ranger when he was killed in a car accident in 1962.

Lone Ranger and Green Hornet creator Fran Striker at home in Buffalo, 1957.

Striker wasn’t the end of Buffalo’s connection to the American cultural icon.

Jay Silverheels, the actor who played the Lone Ranger’s companion Tonto, was a Mohawk born in Southern Ontario.

When he was 19, the man who would become famous as Tonto and his cousins moved to Buffalo to play professional lacrosse for the Buffalo Bowmans at the Broadway Auditorium– where he was also a Golden Gloves boxer.

Born Harry Smith, the actor earned the nickname Silverheels in Buffalo—when new shoes helped him run so fast, all you could see where the silver heels running across the field.

Harry Smith was a boxer and professional lacrosse player when he lived in Buffalo in the 1930s. Later, using the stage name Jay Silverheels, he became famous for his role as the Lone Ranger’s companion Tonto.

As handsome as he was fast, when Smith moved to Los Angeles in the late 30s to play lacrosse, he was quickly cast in films– first as a stunt man and extra, then in 1949 as Tonto. 

This page is an excerpt from  100 Years of Buffalo Broadcasting by Steve Cichon

The full text of the book is now online.

The original 436-page book is available along with Steve’s other books online at The Buffalo Stories Bookstore and from fine booksellers around Western New York. 

©2020, 2021 Buffalo Stories LLC, staffannouncer.com, and Steve Cichon

Buffalo in the ’60s: First All-Iroquois Powwow

By Steve Cichon

Held through the rest of the 1960s, this photo with Past Seneca Nation President Cornelius Seneca and Chiefs Corbett Sundown and Clinton Rickard of the Tonawanda Reservation is from the first All-Iroquois Powwow in 1962.

Buffalo News archives

In 1965, the event was described as a “four-day pageant at which Indians entertain their white neighbors,” and for many years, the highlight was adopting outsiders as honorary members of the Seneca Tribe.

One such honoree was Fran Striker of Arcade. He was best known as the creator of such radio thrillers at “The Lone Ranger” and “Sgt. Preston of the Yukon,” both of which had their start at Buffalo’s WEBR Radio, and both of which painted Native Americans in a positive light.

Frank Striker, 1957. (Buffalo News archives)

Striker praised Native Americans as “the only real Americans,” adding that “History has shown they acted with braveness and valor, and I have tried to bring this point across in my character, Tonto.”

Chief Sundown, reservation sachem chief, conducted the adoption ceremonies in the Tonawanda Community Building on Rt. 267.

Proceeds of the event benefited the Peter Doctor Memorial Indian Scholarship Fund. “Open to all Indians in New York State,” The Peter Doctor fund “helps put Iroquois youth through college.” It was named for the late grand chaplain of the Iroquois Temperance League.

The fund continues to this day, “to assist Iroquois enrolled in Nations located in New York State to pursue higher education by providing one-time awards in ‘Incentive’ and ‘Grant’ categories.”